Volume 27, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   JPBUD 2022, 27(2): 51-88 | Back to browse issues page

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Fardhariri A, Taiebnia A, Tavakolian H. (2022). Financial Inclusion and Monetary Policy in Iran. JPBUD. 27(2), 51-88. doi:10.52547/jpbud.27.2.51
URL: http://jpbud.ir/article-1-2085-en.html
1- Faculty of Economics, University of Tehran, Iran. , alirezahariri@ut.ac.ir
2- Faculty of Economics, University of Tehran, Iran.
3- Faculty of Economics, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Iran.
Abstract:   (2228 Views)
The present study investigated the effectiveness of monetary policy and its consequences for financially included and excluded households using a calibrated new Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) for Iran. The impulse response function analysis suggests that although a significant part of the population is financially excluded (about 45%), the contractionary monetary policy shock significantly reduces inflation and GDP. In addition, a contractionary monetary policy decreases the consumption of financially excluded households more than that of financially included households, because financially included households can absorb this shock due to access to financial instruments (services) and can, therefore, smooth their consumption more effectively than financially excluded households. The comparison of the results obtained from our model with the full financial inclusion model suggests that expansionary monetary policy in full financial inclusion leads to higher output growth with lower inflation costs. Therefore, efforts to ensure full financial inclusion are recommended so that monetary policy can fully achieve its goals.
Full-Text [PDF 3210 kb]   (867 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Macroeconomics
Received: Feb 09 2022 | Accepted: Aug 14 2022 | ePublished: Dec 17 2022

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